How local people are fighting against it?
Censorship is the control of ideas and information that are circulated among the people within a society. It involves the clampdown of public communication, speech, or other information, with the excuse that such material is measured objectionable, sensitive, harmful, or awkward. Censorship can be done by the government, corporations, and private institutions.
Internet censorship is the suppression or control of what can be accessed, viewed, or published on the Internet. It is enacted by regulators, or on their initiative. The extent of Internet censorship differs from one country to another country. Most democratic countries are considered to have average Internet censorship; some countries go to the point of limiting access to information such as news and subdue discussion among citizens. Internet censorship sometimes occurs as the verge of some events such as or elections, protests, and riots
How Media Censorship Affects the News, You Get?
It may not be realized by many, media censorship occurs in various forms in the manner you receive your news. While news stories are mostly edited for length, many individual choices are made which are aimed at keeping some information from the public.
Protecting a Person’s Privacy
It is probably the lowest debated form of media censorship. For example, when a minor commits a crime, his or her identity is covered to protect them from future harm, such as being turned down from getting a job or a college education. It is different if a minor is charged as an adult, like in the case of severe crime.
Most media outlets also hid the identity of victims of rape, so as not to endure public humiliation.
Avoiding Graphic Details and Images
The heinous act of violence or sexual depravity is committed daily. In many newsrooms across the country, the news editors have to decide whether saying a victim “was assaulted” suffices in describing the situation. It does not, in most cases. So they choose how to represent the details of a crime in a manner that aid the audience comprehend the atrocity without offending readers or viewers, especially children.
Concealing National Security Information
The Chinese military and intelligence function with a particular amount of secrecy. That privacy is regularly challenged by anti-government groups, whistle-blowers, or others who want to remove the cover on different aspects of government.
Media Censorship in China
The Chinese constitution gives its citizens freedom of speech and press, but the opaqueness of Chinese media regulations permits authorities to attack news stories by claiming that they reveal the secret of the state and puts the country in danger. China’s definition of state secret remains vague, enabling censorship of any information that authorities consider dangerous to economic or their political interests.
In May 2010, the Chinese government issued its first white paper on the internet that concentrates on the concept of “internet sovereignty,” demanding all internet users in China, as well as foreign organizations and individuals, to live by the Chinese laws and regulations. Chinese internet companies are now mandated to sign the “Public Pledge on Self-Regulation and Professional Ethics for China Internet Industry,”
The Chinese government uses a myriad way of suppressing the internet. The Golden Shield Project, known as the Great Firewall, is the main point of the online censorship and surveillance effort of the government. It operates by keyword filtering, bandwidth throttling, and blocking access to specific websites. The government also uses a various range of ways to make journalists censor themselves, such as dismissals and demotions, arrests, libel lawsuits, fines, and forced confession on television.
A New Way around China’s Great Firewall
A severe method to bypassing the Internet filters of China, virtual private networks have of late come into the crosshairs of the government. At the 18th Party Congress, earlier this month many were blocked and more recently China Digital Times has reported on what seem to be documented warnings to Chinese who have uses VPNs on their office networks to sole use the services for work purposes.
But various savvy Chinese Internet users have discovered a way to escape their fetters without using a VPN. It involves using a little bit of computer knowledge, copying and pasting a chunk of text from a file to another. Users can get around China’s YouTube, Facebook, and several other sites obstructed by China’s “Great Firewall.”
How it does it work?
Several computers, running both Windows and OS X and smartphones running Android, have a host file, which is a document that contains a list of Internet Protocol addresses. A computer is permitted to access particular websites directly by copying and pasting new address new addresses into that file.
Hence, updating the list to include recent IP addresses for websites like Facebook, and then entering the addresses of those sites into a browser with a secure “https://” in place of “HTTP://” before the address which grants users access into many blocked Western sites, and void of the slower speeds and fees that comes with most VPNs.